Fungal Infections

Fungal infections of the skin are very common, and can affect any area of the body. A fungus that invades the tissue can cause a disease in the skin, tissue, bones, or organs. There are many different types of fungal infections.

What are The Different Types?

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nails. Individuals who have their nails manicured often, particularly when the cuticles/nails are closely trimmed, are more susceptible to nail infections. Doctors can also prescribe oral antifungals. Treatment may require removal of part or all of an affected nail.

Tinea Versicolor
This is a fungal infection of the outermost layer of skin and can appear anywhere on the body. The main symptom of tinea versicolor is variable pink, white or brown patches that develop on the skin in conjunction with a powdery coating. The use of corticosteroids can foster the growth of this organism. Topical antifungals are usually used for treatment because the infection is on the surface of the skin.

Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis)
The most common form of athlete’s foot involves the webs between the toes, particularly between the fourth and fifth toes. From there, it may spread to the soles or other parts of the feet. Tinea pedis is difficult to eliminate and often returns. Many antifungal medications are effective in treating athlete’s foot and other fungal infections. Some are over-the-counter are effective, while some cases require a prescription.

Ringworm (tinea corporis)

Tinea corporis is a fungal infection. People of any age contract ringworm, but it is most common in children. A related form is tinea cruris or “jock itch,” a fungal infection of the groin area. The rash usually begins as a reddish bump. As it grows, the interior seems clear, forming the ring-like shape. Minor cases of ringworm respond well to topical medications. More severe cases, however, may require oral antifungals.

Tinea Capitis
Tinea capitis is a fungal infection that affects the scalp and hair. The usual effect of tinea capitis is patchy hair loss (alopecia) with a scaly rash. It is important that all brushes, combs, pillowcases, hats and other articles that are frequently exposed to the head, should be disinfected with antifungal shampoo. Affected individuals and their family members are encouraged to use antifungal shampoo for two weeks to minimize spreading of the infection.

Cutaneous Candidiasis
The yeast candida causes fungal infections. When they develop on the skin, they are known as cutaneous candidiasis. Systems include an itchy red rash and moist peeling. There may be pus-filled bumps around the edges. Many topical antifungals are used to treat cutaneous candidiasis. In more severe cases, the doctor may prescribe oral antifungals.

If you are experiencing a fungal infection, contact our office today to schedule a consultation with Dr. Diggs.